• Saudi Arabia has the lowest level of foreign direct investment since 2008



    Emirates Received 9.29 billion dollars investments in the last year and abandoned its Arab first place
    Saudi Arabia has the lowest level of foreign direct investment since 2008


    The past year has seen a sharp decline in foreign direct investment to the country, the lowest ever since 2008, but nevertheless made investments outside the country progressed slightly, this does not stop permanence since 2008. This decline led to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates to exchange their websites as the largest and second largest recipients of foreign direct investment between the region and the Arabic States generally, ranking UAE first site. Decline also gave up on its position as the second largest recipient of investment among the countries of the Middle East, now in third place after Turkey and the Emirates in 2012 in second place after Turkey. The report of the United Nations Conference on trade and Development UNCTAD, the total amount of FDI received by Saudi Arabia last year to $ 9298 (9.298 billion dollars), representing a sharp decline from the 12.182 billion dollars received by the year 2012.
    For comparison, Saudi Arabia has received investments of 16.308 billion dollars in 2011, or nearly double the investments last year, and 29.233 billion in 2010 (more than three times the investment of 2013), 36.458 billion in 2009 (almost four times more than last year's investments), and 39.456 billion in 2008 (more than four times the investments, 2013). Last year, Emirates has made investments worth 10.488 billion dollars, compared to 9 602 billion in 2012, and 7 679 (2011), 5.500 (2010), 4.003 (2009), 13.724 (2008). Either Turkey has made investments worth 12.866 billion dollars, a figure which correspond approximately the size of the investment that just reached out in 2012. In comparison with the size of the investment made by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the Gulf States have attracted Arabic generally modest numbers of foreign direct investment. Egypt has attracted investments worth 5.553 billion dollars to come in third place, and then Morocco finished fourth (3 358 billion dollars), in fifth place (3 094 billion dollars).
    And from sixth to 18th place, respectively: Lebanon (2 833 billion US dollars), Kuwait (2 329 billion), Jordan (1 798), Algeria (1 691), Oman (1 626), Mauritania (1 154), Tunisia (1 096), Bahrain (989 million dollars), Qatar (840 million dollars), Libya (702 million), Djibouti (286 million), Palestine (177 million), Somalia (107 million). Yemen is the only Arab country where the investment minus the $ 134 million, meaning that the fugitive investment country cuff over inflated cuff investments within the $ 134 million. At the level of investment from the country, Kuwait ranked 8.377 billion dollars investments, then Qatar (8.021 billion dollars) after Saudi Arabia (4 943), UAE (2 905), Oman (1 384), Bahrain (1.052). And generally the other Arabic States investment abroad very thin includes Egypt and Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. FDI Saw in developed countries improvement after landing, while experts forecast ' UNCTAD ', that this trend will continue in the year 2015 in the context of a moderate height of global financial flows.
    According to the report, foreign direct investment increased by 9 percent in 2013, to 1,450 billion dollars. The Organization predicted that global flows to 1600 billion in 2014 (12 per cent), to 1,750 billion in 2015 (8 per cent) and 1850 billion (6%) in 2016. Thanks to this growth to the recovery of the investment in developed countries, according to the Director of the Division of investment and business in UNCTAD, James Zhang Jilong. Zhang Jilong said in introducing the report, the Organization's headquarters in Geneva today: because of the fragility of some of the emerging markets and the risks associated with conflicts, the regional distribution of FDI flows will return to its structure before the financial crisis in 2008 with the acquisition of developed countries back the bulk of global FDI. After the sharp decline in 2012 (-41%), foreign direct investment in the developed countries the recovery in 2013, with the entry of 566 billion dollars to its market, an increase of 9.5 per cent. Investment out of 857 billion dollars, an amount has changed from year to year, according to the UNCTAD report '. The ' notes ' to resume 1975a mergers and acquisitions (m & m) were not achieved by the first quarter of 2014. And that investment, both domestically and abroad, in developed countries remained at last year's lower half of standard amounts recorded in 2007. For Europe, the amounts below one quarter, but the report ' UNCTAD ' bet on the continued recovery of cross-border investment in Europe and North America.
    According to estimates of the economic organization of the United Nations, examined global FDI flows to developed countries can reach 763 billion in 2014 (35 per cent), and 887 billion in 2015 (16 per cent) and 970 billion in 2016 (9.5 per cent), or the equivalent of 52 per cent of the world total of foreign direct investment, after having fallen to less than 40 per cent of the total in the year 2012 (517 billion dollars). Last year, the rise in FDI in Europe remains low (3%), for up to 251 billion dollars. If investment flows recorded a strong increase in Germany, they fell largely in France and Britain. European countries have increased investments abroad by 10 per cent to 328 billion dollars.
    According to the report, the United States ranked first globally in the volume of foreign investment out of the country (338 billion dollars), and Japan (136 billion dollars), \ China (101 billion dollars), Russia (95 billion dollars), Hong Kong (92 billion dollars), Switzerland (60 billion dollars) Germany (58 billion dollars). In 2013, the total foreign direct investment flows to developing countries, to reach 778 billion dollars, or 54 percent of the total investment in the world. This growth, however, slowed down by 7 percent, compared with 17 per cent on average over the past 10 years. Expected ' ' 1975a flow of investment to developing countries decreased slightly from $ 764 billion in 2014 and 776 billion in 2015. Asia remained the first zone receiving foreign direct investment, the acquisition of 30 per cent of global flows; an increase of 4 per cent, bringing the total it has received 382 billion dollars. And attracting China a total of 124 billion dollars, the empire waist has returned once again to the worlds second largest, after the United States (188 billion dollars). Then Hong Kong (78 billion dollars), ahead of Singapore (64 billion dollars) and India (25 billion dollars). Increased flows to Latin America and the Caribbean by 6 percent last year to reach 182 billion. Brazil has seen a decline of 2 percent to 64 billion. Foreign direct investment has increased by 4 per cent in Africa to 57 billion dollars, and 14 per cent in the least developed countries the 49 to 28 billion dollars.

    The growth of foreign direct investment flows to countries with economies in transition (known as transitional economies, and the Eastern European countries includes some former Soviet republics in Asia) will slow also after another record year of last year, which attracted $ 108 billion (28 percent). In Russia, foreign direct investment flows increased by 57 per cent to $ 79 billion, making it the third country in the world to host foreign investment in 2013. But ' UNCTAD ' says that because of the crisis in Ukraine ' is not the only reason ' the Russia investment flows, and to countries with economies in transition should drop to 92 billion in 2014 and 85 billion in 2015.

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